1 edition of Population movement and HIV/AIDS the case of Ruili, Yunnan, China found in the catalog.
Population movement and HIV/AIDS the case of Ruili, Yunnan, China
Written in English
This fact sheet from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) accompanies the Global AIDS Update report, Communities at the web-based version provides a snapshot of the state of the world’s HIV/AIDS epidemic, with particular focus on the “ targets,” which were launched in and seek to ensure that by the year , 90 percent of . An infection with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). AIDS results in a gradual and persistent decline and failure of the immune system, resulting in heightened risk of life-threatening infection and cancers.. In the majority of cases, HIV is a sexually-transmitted infection. China has managed to slow the spread of HIV/AIDS, but dealing with deep-rooted social stigma is proving much harder. A new report by the UNAIDS program says that 42 percent of AIDS sufferers in.
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(PDF) Population Movement and HIV/AIDS: the case of Ruili, Yunnan, China | jacques du Guerny - Ruili is one of the cities in China where HIV was first detected.
It demonstrates the complexity of HIV/AIDS epidemics. Get this from a library. Population movement and HIV/AIDS: the case of Ruili, Yunnan, China.
[J Du Guerny; Lee-Nah Hsu; Cao Hong; United Nations Development Programme. South East Asia HIV and Development Programme.]. Moreover, the Ruili case shows that to ensure effective solutions to HIV epidemics that move beyond short term answers, immediate factors, population movements and the underlying long term development elements must be addressed.
The authors argue that, for HIV/AIDS policies to be effective, policy makers must take a multisectoral approach. Yunnan has played a major role in all three phases of the HIV epidemic in China: the HIV outbreak in Ruili in Yunnan marked China's transition from the “introduction phase” to the “concentrated spread phase,” and the expansion of substantial HIV incidence beyond Yunnan's borders marked the epidemic shift from the “concentrated spread phase” to Cited by: In adding to the emerging body of literature, this book further elucidates the myriad of challenges posed by HIV/AIDS epidemics, allowing sustained engagement and a fresh insight into how governments might respond to the needs of individuals living with HIV/AIDS, both in China and by: 1.
To effectively evaluate a project supported by UNDP South East Asia HIV and Develop- ment Programme in Ruili, Yunnan Province, South West China, it was necessary to identify major population movements which were driven by development and which contribute to HIV epidemics.
China book The first case of AIDS was reported in in China, but by the early 21st century, the government estimated that there werecitizens living with HIV/AIDS. The number is increasing rapidly. Incentral authorities became aware of a large outbreak of HIV/AIDS in western Yunnan province, in the border city of Ruili.
cases had been identified, mostly in injection drug users (IDUs), and Yunnan soon became the most heavily impacted province in China. The outbreak was the first instance of a widespread, native infection in China, and stunned officials.
Introduction. Ruili is the frontier port city that connects inland China to the rest of Southeast Asia. This city (‘Ruili’ means ‘the city where the sun is at its top’ in the Dai language), is a trade center and transport hub for the China–Myanmar corridor and is located within the Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China.
The page report, "Locked Doors: The human rights of people living with HIV/AIDS in China", is based on more than 30 interviews with people with HIV/AIDS, police officers, drug users, and AIDS. Population movement is commonly Case of Ruili, Yunnan, China. are active in this region and are associated with the cross-border transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV.
Population Movement and HIV/AIDS the Case of Ruili, Yunnan, China. UNDP and Canadian International Development Agency () To effectively evaluate a project supported by UNDP South East Asia HIV and Develop- ment Programme in Ruili, Yunnan Province, South West China, it was necessary to identify major population movements which were driven by development and which contribute to HIV epidemics.
BBC report ‘HIV/Aids: China reports 14% surge in new cases’ 29 September (accessed April ) 3. International HIV/AIDS Alliance ‘AIDS Care China’ (accessed February ) 4. China Health and Family Planning Commission () ‘ China AIDS Response Progress Report’ [pdf] 5.
China Centre for Disease Control (accessed. Yunnan has played a major role in all three phases of the HIV epidemic in China: the HIV outbreak in Ruili in Yunnan marked China’s transition from the “introduction phase” to the “concentrated spread phase,” and the expansion of substantial HIV incidence beyond Yunnan’s borders marked the epidemic shift from the “concentrated spread phase” to the “expansion.
The working group estimated that as ofthere werepeople living with HIV/AIDS in China, w new infections HIV-related deaths in that year. HIV/AIDS InFETP trainees participated in outbreaks ranging from cholera to brucellosis. on HIV/AIDS.
A primary goal of CDC’s HIV work in China has been to control the Fromassessed tuberculosis among village doctors, an under-served group of rural healthcare workers in China.
Infection with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, does not mean a death sentence anymore. In fact, most HIV positive people today who have access to modern medication are expected to live a normal lifespan.
To understand how much the situation has changed, take a look at these 9 ways the fight against AIDS has changed over the past 30 years: 1. The People's Republic of China's first reported AIDS case was identified in in a dying tourist.
Inthe first indigenous cases were reported as an outbreak in infected heroin users in Yunnan province, near China's southwest border.
Yunnan is the area most affected by HIV/AIDS in first infections appeared among needle sharing drug users near. Control and Prevention of HIV–AIDS in China. Xinjiang, and Yunnan.
2 Henan, along with several neighboring provinces in central China, was the site of a s HIV. HIV/Aids: China reports 14% surge in new cases. 29 September Chinese health officials said at a conference in Yunnan province.
the number of those living with HIV and Aids in China. With HIV becoming the leading cause of infectious-disease mortality in Mainland China, this book focuses on tackling HIV/AIDS in the face of rapid political and economic change in China.
Featuring contributions by over a dozen leading figures in the field, this book is the go-to text for any student or reader interested in how national and. 31 Ed Lanfranco, “HIV/AIDS in China tops million mark,” United Press International, Sept.
6, 32 Chinese National Medium-and Long-Term Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS. Population movement across the Myanmar-Yunnan border into Ruili and from Yunnan province to other Chinese provinces is believed to be a primary contributing factor in cross-border HIV transmission [5, 20–22].
HIV prevalence among injectors in Myanmar peaked in the s at 70% and has been declining since. The history of HIV / AIDS surveillance in China. Concurrent with the epidemic, HIV surveillance has followed three stages.
The first stage (–) largely involved passive surveillance; i.e. case reporting by hospitals and centers for disease. There were 2, HIV-positive foreigners reported to be living in China last year, compared with inHan Mengjie, head of the National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, told a.
Number of People with HIV—There were approximately 38 million people across the globe with HIV/AIDS in Of these, million were adults and million were children. The HIV surveillance team estimates that Ruili has a transient population of about prostitutes from Myanmar, percent of whom have HIV, a.
There were 6, AIDS cases reported inwhile the 7, AIDS cases reported in the first six months of suggests that the total for the year may be more than double the figure. HIV/AIDS is spreading to the general population Surveillance data suggest that the HIV/AIDS epidemic is spreading into the general population in.
UNICEF China, along with other UN agencies and development partners, formed a UN theme group on HIV/AIDS to urge the Chinese authorities to make HIV/AIDS a top national priority. A Joint Assessment, conducted by the Ministry of Health with support from the UN theme group, found an estimated ofHIV/AIDS cases in China.
Between and the Asian population a in the United States (US) grew around 10%, which is more than three times as fast as the total US population.
b During the same period, in the US and dependent areas, the number of Asians receiving an HIV diagnosis remained stable, driven primarily by HIV diagnoses among Asian gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex.
Yunnan reported its first domestic case of HIV in (Ma, Li, & Zhang, ) and, inreported that heroin users in the Golden Triangle border regions were part of the first HIV outbreak (China AIDS Initiative, ).
To confront this challenge, Yunnan applied a government‐driven multi‐sector partnership model for HIV control. After nearly 16 years of denying and ignoring HIV/AIDS, China finally acknowledged the presence of HIV/AIDS, actually the presence of an estimatedpeople living with HIV/AIDS, in Presently, after 5 years of official government programs to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS, China finds itself with an estimatedpeople currently living.
Adolescents and young people represent a growing share of people living with HIV worldwide. In alone,[,] young people between the ages of 10 to 24 were newly infected with HIV, of whom[53,] were adolescents between the ages of 10 and To compound this, most recent data indicate that only 27 per cent of adolescent girls.
Southwest China's Yunnan Province has registered marked progress in HIV/AIDS prevention since it carried out six programs earlier this year to fight the deadly disease.
The bureau said. The infectious disease has spread rapidly across the country through population movement across the Myanmar-Yunnan border into Ruili and from Yunnan to other Chinese provinces. In recent decades, Ruili has suffered threats from the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
du Guerny, J., Hsu L-N and Cao H. () Population Movement and HIV/AIDS: The Case of Ruili, Yunnan, China, UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Programme, August Guest P., du Guerny J., and Hsu, L-N () From Early Warning to Development Sector Responses against HIV/AIDS Epidemics, UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Programme, May.
Most other cases were amongst injecting drug users and, until now, drug use was the main means of transmission nationally. So news from Chinese officials that sex has now overtaken drug use as the main cause of HIV/Aids suggests confirmation of a new phase.
It confirms that HIV is more fully entrenched in the mainstream population. Tackling HIV and AIDS in China By the end ofan estimated 78 million people worldwide were infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. China is not immune to the epidemic. According to. Eating Spring Rice is the first major ethnographic study of HIV/AIDS in China.
Drawing on more than a decade of ethnographic research (), primarily in Yunnan Province, Sandra Teresa Hyde chronicles the rise of the HIV epidemic from the years prior to the Chinese government's acknowledgement of this public health crisis to post-reform thinking about Price: $ Mirroring worldwide trends, China is experiencing a feminization of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
The female to male ratio of HIV/AIDS infection has increased from in to in (UNAIDS). The growing numbers of HIV/AIDS infected women means that we need to better understand the impact that gender has on HIV/AIDS transmission.
China’s Yunnan province, which shares some kilometers of its border with Myanmar, has the highest number of HIV-1 infected individuals in China, accounting for % of national total cases as reported.
In Yunnan, multiple HIV-1 genotypes, including CRF01_AE, B, C, CRF07_BC, CRF08_BC, as well as various URFs, have been identified [6, 7].Liu, Wei; Wen, Mei University of Illinois at Chicago/ Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, United States.
With the opening up of policy from the s, drug abuse (mainly injection of heroin) has re-emerged and thrived from border areas of the Yunnan Province to the whole country, which has also been fueling HIV/AIDS transmission along drug distribution routes in China.Demography of HIV/AIDS in China J The challenge to determining the true impact of HIV within the general population in China has been the lack of a reliable, comprehensive surveillance and reporting system, coupled with the lack of an effective referral chain within the Chinese healthcare system.